Air Quality index, is due to the toxins from industries which provide essential services and even life-saving drugs add to the complexity of the air pollution problem.
Air Quality index helps us to breathe and make us healthy, which is made up largely of nitrogen and oxygen, together with small quantities of several other non-toxic gasses such as helium.
Any potentially harmful substance, be it another gas or a cloud of particles, which contaminates the atmosphere, is regarded as air pollution.
#What Is The Air Quality index?
#What Causes Pollution In The Air Quality index?
Quality air pollution is also common indoors. The fumes of fresh paint in a room, or tobacco smoke in a crowded bar, are both sources of air pollution which can be hazardous to health. Proper ventilation is always a wise precaution.
#Air Quality index Pollution Can Be Minimised By Controlling Vehicles Engine Exhaust
|A conventional petrol engine gives off|
But emissions of hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides produced by city traffic are increasing. Not only noxious in themselves, when acted on by sunlight they produce a photochemical smog which can contain up to ten times the normal concentration of low-level ozone.
However, harmful emissions can be substantially reduced by the use of catalytic converters. Since January 1993, all new cars in the UK and EC have been legally required to have one fitted.
#Severe Air Quality index Pollution Leads To Death Also
Severely quality air pollution can cause death, but in most Cases, the pollutants we breathe are fairly dilute and their effects either slight or cumulative. Sore eyes and throat may be experienced by city dwellers — particularly on hot summer days.
The long-term effects of breathing highly polluted air may include the development of bronchitis, emphysema, heart disease and cancer. However, there is no evidence to show that inhabitants of heavily polluted areas were particularly prone to illness.
#Quality Air Pollution: ITS SOURCE AND POTENTIAL EFFECT
|Carbon monoxide||Power stations, car exhausts||Heart disease|
|CFCs||Aerosols. refrigeration units||Heart, lung, nervous system damage|
|Formaldehyde||Adhesives, car exhausts||Eye, lung damage, cancer|
|Hydrocarbons||Car exhausts||Produces ozone|
|Hydrogen sulphide||Refineries, sewage||Nausea, and vomiting|
|Lead||Metal manufacture, car exhausts||Brain, nerve and blood cell damage|
|Nitrogen oxides||Power stations, car exhausts||Lung disorders, ozone formation|
|Ozone||Sunlight on nitrogen oxides||Eye, lung damage|
|Sulphur dioxide||Power stations, steelworks||Eye, lung damage|
#How To Control Air Quality index Pollution?
In Most of the advanced countries, the Department of the Environment is responsible for quality air. And they Inspectorate of Pollution controls emissions from major industries; local authorities control emissions to air from smaller processes. These organizations have the power to fine or even shut down offending companies.
In most cases, the technology exists to stop the worst forms of air pollution fatal lung diseases can be caused by particles of asbestos and coal dust in the air.
To protect workers from dangerous pollutants such as these, there are Occupational Exposure Limits (OEL) that state the maximum levels to which an adult can be exposed without ill effects. Some experts believe current OELs are too lax.
#Is Pollution In The Quality Air Dangerous?
The effects of quality air pollution may not be so apparent today but are potentially still deadly. Cities and industrial sites remain the most heavily polluted, but the pollutants are free to disperse elsewhere.
#Pollution In The Quality Air On The Road
- Keep your car journeys to a minimum. Walk, cycle, use public transport, or share your car, and combine errands in one trip.
- Ensure your vehicle is properly serviced and maintained. Keep it garaged or undercover (a cold engine emits far more pollution than a warm one) and avoided using the car for short journeys, especially when cold.
- Do not let the motor idle. In a traffic jam, switch it off.
- likely to be delayed for more than a few minutes.
- Try to avoid sudden braking or rapid acceleration, and do not speed.
#Pollution In The Air Quality index In Home
Turn down the central heating. Ensure boilers are regularly serviced. Use smokeless fuel or install a smokeless appliance.
Where possible, avoid using solvent-based paints, glues, varnishes, etc. (which give off hydrocarbons), or choose low-solvent types. Use a brush or roller, rather than a spray, and replace all lids and caps.
Limit your use of household cleaners, polishes, etc.